Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow.
Anchorage is a city on Earth, located in Alaska, United States of America. It was the most populous city in Alaska, containing nearly 40% of the residents of that state.
An observatory was maintained in Anchorage, and Charles Tucker III was once able to see a stellar nursery through a telescope at the observatory. (ENT episode: "Fight or Flight").
The city of New Anchorage on Tarsus IV was named after Anchorage. (DSC novel: Drastic Measures).