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"Bread and Circuses" was the 43rd episode of Star Trek: The Original Series, the 14th episode of the show's second season, first aired on 15 March 1968. The episode story was written by John Kneubuhl, with teleplay by Gene Roddenberry and Gene L. Coon, directed by Ralph Senensky and novelized in Star Trek 11 by James Blish.


James T. Kirk, Spock and Leonard McCoy find themselves on a 20th century Earth-like planet in which the Roman Empire has not fallen!



Episode characters

Maximus AchillesClifford Brent[1]Pavel ChekovDrusillaBill HadleyWilliam B. HarrisonJames T. KirkRoger LemliRyan LeslieClaudius MarcusClaudius Marcus (gladiator)Flavius MaximusLeonard McCoyR.M. MerikMontgomery ScottSeptimusSpockHikaru SuluNyota Uhura

Novelization characters

Maximus AchillesPavel ChekovDrusillaJames T. KirkClaudius MarcusFlavius MaximusLeonard McCoyR.M. MerikMontgomery ScottSeptimusSpockHikaru SuluNyota Uhura
Referenced only
Claudius Marcus (gladiator)

Starships and vehicles

USS Enterprise (Constitution-class heavy cruiser)


Magna Roma

Races and cultures

Human (Magna Roman) • Vulcan

States and organizations

Magna Roman EmpireFederationStarfleet
Referenced only
Roman Empire

Technology and weapons


Materials and substances


Ranks and titles

captaincommandercommanding officercommunications officerFederation Starfleet ranksFederation Starfleet ranks (2260s)first officerlieutenant commanderofficerscientistscience officer

Other references

anatomyarmbootclothingFederation membersfingerfive-year missiongovernmenthumanoidlanguagelifeformlogicmattermemorynation-stateorbitpantsquadrantraces and culturesrankspacestarstardateStarfleet uniformStarfleet uniform (2260s)technologytitletunicuniformuniverseweaponspecial


Related media



Video releases


published order
Previous episode:
The Trouble with Tribbles
TOS episode produced Next episode:
Journey to Babel
Previous episode:
The Ultimate Computer
TOS episode aired Next episode:
Assignment: Earth
Previous story:
Wink of an Eye
Star Trek 11
Next story:
Day of the Dove
chronological order
Previous Adventure:
Pocket Next Adventure:
Mission to Horatius
Previous Adventure:
Voyages of the
USS Enterprise (NCC-1701)
(2264 to 2270)
Next Adventure:
Journey to Babel

External links

  1. This character was not named in the episode but the same actor, wearing an officer's Starfleet uniform, was addressed as Brent in TOS episode: "The Naked Time". The same actor also played the character of Vinci.