Buran could refer to:
- Buran (planet), homeworld of the Burani
- USS Buran (Columbia-class), a 22nd century Federation Starfleet Columbia-class starship
- USS Buran (NCC-1422), a 23rd century Federation Starfleet Cardenas-class starship
- ISS Buran, mirror universe counterpart of the Terran Imperial Starfleet
- USS Buran (NCC-57580), a 24th century Federation Starfleet Challenger-class starship
- USS Buran (NCC-96400), a 25th century Federation Starfleet Buran-class starship
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