Buran could refer to:
- Buran (planet), homeworld of the Burani
- USS Buran (Columbia-class), a 22nd century Columbia-class Federation Starfleet starship
- USS Buran (NCC-1422), a 23rd century Cardenas-class Federation Starfleet starship
- ISS Buran, mirror universe counterpart of the Terran Imperial Starfleet
- USS Buran (NCC-57580), a 24th century Federation Starfleet Challenger-class starship
- USS Buran (NCC-96400), 25th century Federation Starfleet Buran-class starship prototype
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