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The Columbia class was a United Earth starship type borne of the NX-class cruiser. Following the formation of the Federation in 2161, the amalgamated Federation Starfleet began with the production of additional Columbia-class ships. (ST reference: Ships of the Line 2011, ENT - Rise of the Federation novels: A Choice of Futures, Live by the Code)


22nd century

The Columbia-class was born out of the existing, and proven, NX-class design, and included retrofitted ships such as Enterprise and USS Endeavour. In 2156, Enterprise was the first vessel to receive the upgraded spaceframe. It was named, at the insistence of Admiral Jonathan Archer, after the first vessel of the NX-class to be lost in action, Columbia. As of September 2162, the refit Endeavour was the last active survivor of the NX-class. All future vessels would be of the new Columbia-class. (ST reference: Ships of the Line 2011, ENT - Rise of the Federation novel: A Choice of Futures)

As part of newly appointed UESPA Chief of Staff Admiral Archer's fleet modernization program, eight new Columbia-class vessels were slated for construction. By July of 2165, USS Buran and USS Shenlong were completed, USS Apollo and USS Soyuz were expected to launch around October of the same year, USS Ares and USS Charybdis in spring of 2166 and USS Phoenix and USS Valiant by 2167. (ENT - Rise of the Federation novel: Live by the Code)

23rd century

A model in T'Laan's room.

Ships of the class received a major upgrade in the 23rd century, and were classified for escort duty. (STO video game: Reckoning)[1] In the Kelvin timeline, Cadet T'Laan kept a model of a Columbia-class model in her dorm room. She had recently participated in a mission that led to the rescue of the NX-class starship Slayton NX-05. (SA - Starfleet Academy comic: "Issue 5"

The refit of the 2280s decade.

In the 2280s decade, the Columbia class received another refit, incorporating Starfleet's art deco-style new outfit. In particular, the appearance of the prototype's components, the USS Columbia, shared its visual design language with the Oberth-class science vessel. (STO website: Legendary Temporal Operative Escort)

25th century

In 2410, and as a result of the Iconian and Temporal Cold Wars, Columbia (NX-02) returned to active service. Columbia and newer sister ships were retrofitted with 25th century technology. (STO video game: Reckoning)[1]

Following the Battle of Excalbia in 2411, the NX class and its two Columbia-class refit designs were overhauled to become legendary temporal operative escorts. This saw a return of the USS Columbia (NCC-2200) to service. (STO website: Legendary Temporal Operative Escort)



The most noticeable difference between the NX and Columbia classes was the addition of a secondary hull which was slung underneath the saucer section. This new hull had a deep rear undercut allowing it to be positioned in the warp field's secondary node while in flight and a more powerful, circular navigational deflector. It also housed the new, larger warp core which allowed speeds in excess of warp factor six. The extra room liberated in the primary hull by the removal of warp engineering allowed for larger senior officers' quarters.

The dorsal connector to the saucer was located where the NX's main shuttlebay used to be, so the shuttlepod drop bays were moved to either side of it. (ENT - Rise of the Federation novel: A Choice of Futures)


In the 25th century, the design of the Columbia-class escort refit allowed its commanding officer to choose from different designs of livery, which could be modified further at starbases. These options were designated Type 0-7, NX, NX Refit, Upgrade and Veteran. (STO - The Klingon War mission: "Welcome to Earth Spacedock")

Furthermore, the installation of deflector shields from specific factions modified the hull appearance, including shields from the Reman Resistance, the Breen Confederacy and the Dominion. (STO missions: "Coliseum", "Cold Storage", "Boldly They Rode")


As well as polarized hull plating, the Columbia-class featured deflector shields of Andorian design. For a while after the class was brought into service, use of the shields while at warp necessitated an adjustment of the warp field. This adjustment, due to difficulties in reconciling Human and Andorian technology, meant that warp speed was limited to just over warp factor three.

The class was also equipped with a tractor beam of Vulcan origin, but the Andorian shields distorted the targeting system. However all compatibility issues were solved in 2163 by Doctor Tobin Dax and his engineering team. (ENT - Rise of the Federation novel: A Choice of Futures)

The newly built ships were upgraded with more advanced impulse assemblies and navigational deflectors manufactured by the Rigel based Grennex Aerospace shipbuilding company. (ENT - Rise of the Federation novel: Live by the Code)

Known vessels

ship name registry ship commissioning disposition
SS Enterprise NX-01 2151,[2] refit 2156[3] decommissioned (2161)[4]
Columbia NX-02 2154,[5] refit 2410[6] active (2410)[6]
USS Endeavour NCC-06 2156,[7] refit 2161[8] active (2165)[9]
USS Buran 2165[9] active (2165)[9]
USS Shenlong 2165[9] active (2165)[9]
USS Apollo 2165[9] under construction (2165)[9]
USS Soyuz 2165[9] under construction (2165)[9]
USS Ares 2166[9] under construction (2165)[9]
USS Charybdis 2166[9] under construction (2165)[9]
USS Phoenix 2167[9] under construction (2165)[9]
USS Valiant 2167[9] under construction (2165)[9]
USS Columbia NCC-2200 2280s[10] active (2411)[10]



Starship classes of the Earth-Romulan War
United Earth, Starfleet ArrowAssistCavalryChristopherCosmosDaedalusDiscoveryDoppler (scout)EdisonGalliantGangesHopkinsHorizonIntrepid (22nd century)Liberty (picket cruiser)LongMarshallMercury (scout)MessierMinutemanNXPoseidonStriderVerneVanguard (starship)YorktownZeus Emblem of United Earth. Seal of the Earth Starfleet.

Emblem of Alpha Centauri. Andorian emblem. Emblem of Tellar. Emblem of Vulcan.

Coalition of Planets allies Alpha Centauri Concordium of Planets: DjartannaZoenamy Andorian Empire: KumariTaholsinTanathooefThofsin
United Planets of Tellar: DegbaxisG'buqoffPhinda Confederacy of Vulcan: D'KyrSuurokToj Lol
Romulan Star Empire, Imperial Fleet 22nd century bird-of-prey2150s bird-of-preylate-2150s bird-of-prey22nd century cargo shipbiogenic transportAlocalaBattlehawkHathosKlivai Vang'radaiMorlasam Cl'vangasRe'ravsamSkyhawkStelai'delethamS'ten TalasamSwarmSwiftwingTakaanT'LissVas'maklaramVas'rosvlaiVastagor VastarumVastari Sanalam Emblem of the Romulan Star Empire.
Starship classes and spacecraft types of Earth
ArrowAssistCavalryChristopherCosmosCZ-100DY-100DY-500DY-700DY-1100-classDaedalusDiscoveryDoppler (scout)EdisonGalliantGangesHopkinsHorizonIntrepid (Earth)J (freighter)LongMarshallMercury (scout)MessierMinutemanNeptuneNXPoseidonStriderVanguard (starship)Verne (Earth)Y (freighter)YorktownZeus Seal of United Earth.
Starship classes of the Federation Starfleet
subclass groups

Akira (AlitaArmitageThunderchild) • Ambassador (AlaskaNarendraYamaguchi) • Apollo (Akula frigate / light cruiser) • Cardenas (Buran) • Chesapeake (Mongrel) • Cheyenne (DakotaStargazer) • Concorde (Geneva battlecruiserPresidio) • Constellation (Challenger deep space explorer) • Chimera heavy destroyer (Manticore) • Constitution (AchernarBonhomme RichardTikopaiEnterpriseExeterExcaliburVesperKirkCrossfield (Glenn32nd century refit) • Danube (Yellowstone) • Decatur (Dreadnought) • Defiant (GallantIncursionNachthexenSao PauloValiantVigilant escort) • Dervish (GryphonHermes escortMaelstromTempest) • Destiny (NimbusOracleTrident) • Engle (Earhart) • Excelsior (BismarckCurryKirovNew JerseyResolute) • Galaxy (Andromeda (25th century)CelestialEnvoyGalaxy XMonarch cruiserRossVenture cruiserYamato dreadnought) • Hermes scout (CygnusMonoceros) • Inquiry (Avenger battlecruiserArbiter) • Hoover (Edison) • Intrepid (BellerophonCochrane science vesselDiscovery (science vessel)JanewayPathfinderTrailblazerYeager) • Kumari (CharalKhyzon) • Luna (CometPolarisSolTitan) • Magee (Shran (escort)) • Malachowski (Helios (tug)) • Miranda (AntonReliantSoyuz) • Merian (Merian (dreadnought)) • Nebula (Magellan) • New Orleans (Lafayette) • Nimitz (Europa) • Norway (Oslo) • Nova (AuroraQuasarRhode Island) • NX (ColumbiaPoseidon) • Oberth (ClarkeGagarin (23rd century)GrissomSagan) • Odyssey (VerityYorktown (cruiser)) • Olympic (HopeHorizon science vessel) • Prometheus (CerberusHephaestusHestiaPhoenix) • Ptolemy (DollondDopplerKeppler) • Remora (Charger) • Saladin (CochiseSiva) • Santa Fe (Newport) • Saber (GladiusRapierUshaan) • Sentinel (EmissaryNomad cruiserVanguard) • Shepard (Gagarin (25th century)) • Solanae (HeliosMontgomeryOmega) • Sovereign (ArchonImperialMajesticNoble cruiserRegent) • Steamrunner (AppalachiaZephyr) • Vesta (AventineRademaker) • Walker (GeorgiouShenzhou ) • Wells (EternalOuroborosVerne)

Emblem of the United Federation of Planets. Seal of the Federation Starfleet.
other named classes

AA classAakennAchillesAdvanceAegianAeolusAerieAkula destroyer / escortAmbassador HardinAndesAndorAndromeda (24th century)AngelouAntaresApacheAquariusArcherArchimedesArk RoyalArielAscendantAtroxAvenger (scout)BabcockBaderBakerBaton RougeBerenaBodeBolarusBonaventureBradburyBrentonCaliforniaCanadaCanopusCapellaCastorCentaurCentaurusCeresCestusChallengerChandleyChariotChimerChimera fast frigateChristopherClarke (25th century)Cle DanCochrane transportColumbiaCondor (raider)ContinentContortrixCopernicusCourageDaedalusDauntlessDeckerDefenderDeltaD'KyrDenevaDerfDrexlerDurrettEagleEclipseEdwardEinsteinEisenbergEl Doradofuture EnterpriseEpochEpsilonErewonEternalFederationFenlonFermiFijiFreedomFriendshipFrontierGagarin (24th century)GalenGallantGangesGenevaGenserGracefulGraysonGriffonGuardianGeminiHaleHermes fast cruiserHestonHoganHokule'aHorizon cruiserIcarusIlthirinIndomitableIntrepid (light cruiser)IowaIstanbulIwo JimaClass JJupiterKarekhKeithKethkinKievK'KmarakKolm-AnKorolevLarsonLauroLaweyaLegacyLenthalLexingtonLibertyLokiLoknarLondonMadisonMakinMannMarklinMarsMarshallM'BengaMediterraneanMercedMercury (courier)Mercury (escort)MerianMerian (dreadnought)MessierMeteorMidwayMissionMissouriMobulaiMoKalMoscowMulciberNarcineNautilusNelsonNiagaraNoble laboratory vesselNomad escortNorthamptonOberonOdinOdysseusOkinawaOppenheimerOrionOsakaOverfieldPaladin battlecruiserPaladin destroyerParliamentPaladin (24th century)PerseusPioneerPhalanxPhantomPhiladelphiaPinnaclePiperPolluxPortsmithPralimPremonitionProximaPyotr VelikiyPyreneesRakotaRanger battlecruiserRanger explorerRanger scoutRenaissanceRickenbackerRigelRochesterRoyal SovereignSagittariusSamsonSaturnSawyerScorpioScryerScyllaSequoiaSevaijenShiKahrSierraSolarSpringfieldSulekSurakSydneyTangentTheophrastusThomas PaineThucydidesThufirTiberiusTiconderogaUniverseTheseusTripperTritiumTyphonTyphoonUkoraUlyssesUralUtahVenture scoutVigilant scoutVoyagerWallenbergWambunduWei-FaWellingtonWilkersonWizardYamatoYorkshireYorktownZodiacunnamed

general type

Defiant pathfinderRaging QueenSun TzuValley ForgeFederation assault shipFederation cargo shipFederation colony shipFederation construction shipFederation cruiserdeep galaxy shipFederation freighterFederation frigateFederation galaxy shipFederation holoshipFederation heavy cruiser (2380s heavy cruiser) • Federation light cruiser (Constitution-variant light cruiserIntrepid-variant light cruiser) • Federation medium cruiser (Excelsior-variant medium cruiser) • Federation mining freighterFederation repair shipStarfleet tanker