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==Characteristics and history==
 
==Characteristics and history==
Dilithium, in its most stable form, has an atomic mass of 315, and was discovered by [[Human]]s for the first time on {{dis|Amalthea|moon}}, the fifth [[moon]] of [[planet]] [[Jupiter]], in the [[year]] [[2049]]. This [[crystal]]line element is part of the trans-[[uranium|uranic]] series of heavy elements. ({{r|ST|Star Fleet Medical Reference Manual}})
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Dilithium, in its most stable form, has an atomic mass of 315, and was discovered by [[Human]]s for the first time on [[Amalthea]], the fifth [[moon]] of [[planet]] [[Jupiter]], in the [[year]] [[2049]]. This [[crystal]]line element is part of the trans-[[uranium|uranic]] series of heavy elements. ({{r|ST|Star Fleet Medical Reference Manual}})
 
:''[[Federation: The First 150 Years]] states that humans first discovered dilithium from an excavation site at [[Earth]]'s [[South Pole]] in the [[21st century]], evidently having come to Earth via [[meteorite]].''
 
   
 
Dilithium is a member of the [[hypersonic series]] of elements. ({{e|TNG|Rascals}})
 
Dilithium is a member of the [[hypersonic series]] of elements. ({{e|TNG|Rascals}})
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[[Human]] explorers first discovered dilithium on Amalthea in [[2049]]. ({{r|ST|Star Fleet Medical Reference Manual}}; {{n1|TAS|The Time Trap}})
 
[[Human]] explorers first discovered dilithium on Amalthea in [[2049]]. ({{r|ST|Star Fleet Medical Reference Manual}}; {{n1|TAS|The Time Trap}})
   
[[Zefram Cochrane]] studied dilithium but kept his knowledge of it secret until he could find a way to make money off of it. Later people thought that Cochrane avoided discussing it to keep the information out of the hands of dictators of the era. ({{r|ST|Federation: The First 150 Years}})
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After the initial discovery of dilithium, it was discovered that 2-3% of the [[Quartz]] on Earth was actually dilithium. This was previously undiscovered because it's difficult to discover the mineral's distinguishing feature -- its extension into the fourth dimension -- through conventional testing. This discovery prompted a gold rush, as many museums dug through their collections and found samples of dilithium. ({{n|TOS|Prime Directive}})
 
After the initial discovery of dilithium, it was discovered that 2-3% of the [[quartz]] on Earth was actually dilithium. This was previously undiscovered because it is difficult to discover the mineral's distinguishing feature -- its extension into the fourth dimension -- through conventional testing. This discovery prompted a gold rush, as many museums dug through their collections and found samples of dilithium. ({{n|TOS|Prime Directive}})
 
 
:''Federation: The First 150 Years states that dilithium is not native to [[Earth]].''
 
   
Having a large supply of dilithium almost instantly promoted a planet into prominence in interplanetary politics, as other species seek trade. Some planets known for their dilithium deposits include [[Coridan III]], [[Troyius]], and [[Avaton II]]. ({{g|TOS|Starfleet Academy: Strategic Command}})
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Having a large supply of dilithium almost instantly promoted a planet into prominence in interplanetary politics, as other species seek trade. Some planets known for their dilithium deposits include [[Coridan III]], [[Troyius]], and [[Avaton II]]. ({{g|TOS|{{st|Starfleet Academy - Strategic Command}}}})
   
 
The [[planet]] [[Direidi]] was one of the most concentrated locations of dilithium in known [[Federation]] space, and was located on the border to [[Klingon]] space. ({{n|TOS|How Much for Just the Planet?}})
 
The [[planet]] [[Direidi]] was one of the most concentrated locations of dilithium in known [[Federation]] space, and was located on the border to [[Klingon]] space. ({{n|TOS|How Much for Just the Planet?}})
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[[file:pharos.jpg|thumb|left|Pharos, burning after its dilithium deposits were ignited by phaser fire.]]
 
[[file:pharos.jpg|thumb|left|Pharos, burning after its dilithium deposits were ignited by phaser fire.]]
In [[2254]], [[Starfleet]] engineers constructing [[Project Pharos]] on the [[Pharos siteworld]] in the [[Marrat system]] discovered huge deposits of dilithium of such purity that, had it been mined, it would not have required refining. Because Marrat was an open system, Starfleet, opted to keep the discovery a secret, concerned it could provoke a [[gold rush]], or [[war]]. Unfortunately, [[Klingon]] [[Commander]] [[Kaaj]] did find out about the discovery and attacked Pharos in response. When the {{USS|Enterprise|NCC-1701}} was sent to investigate why communications had been lost with Pharos, Kaaj attacked the starship. To solve the dilemma, Captain [[Christopher Pike]] had the ''Enterprise'' fire on Pharos, igniting the entire planet in a chain reaction, and eliminating the source of conflict. ({{c|EV|The Fires of Pharos}})
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In [[2254]] [[Starfleet]] engineers constructing [[Project Pharos]] on the [[Pharos siteworld]] in the [[Marrat system]] discovered huge deposits of incredibly pure dilithium; of such purity that had it been mined it would not have required refining. Because Marrat was an open system Starfleet opted to keep the discovery a secret, concerned it could provoke a [[gold rush]], or [[war]]! Unfortunately [[Klingon]] [[Commander]] [[Kaaj]] did find out about the discovery and attacked Pharos in response. When the {{USS|Enterprise|NCC-1701}} was sent to investigate why communications had been lost with Pharos Kaaj attacked the starship. To solve the dilemma Captain [[Christopher Pike]] had the ''Enterprise'' fire on Pharos, igniting the entire planet in a chain reaction, and eliminating the source of conflict. ({{c|EV|The Fires of Pharos}})
   
 
Although the planet [[Halka]] was rich in dilithium, the [[Halkan Council]] was reluctant to associate with organizations with militaristic tendencies. ({{n|TOS|{{nd|Preserver}}}})
 
Although the planet [[Halka]] was rich in dilithium, the [[Halkan Council]] was reluctant to associate with organizations with militaristic tendencies. ({{n|TOS|{{nd|Preserver}}}})
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===Usage===
 
===Usage===
 
[[file:dilithium crystal - sta sc.jpg|thumb|A dilithium crystal.]]
 
[[file:dilithium crystal - sta sc.jpg|thumb|A dilithium crystal.]]
During the [[23rd century]], the crystals often deteriorated rapidly during adverse situations, so starships often kept large supplies of them on board. ({{g|TOS|Starfleet Academy: Strategic Command}})
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During the [[23rd century]], the crystals often deteriorated rapidly during adverse situations, so starships often kept large supplies of them on board. ({{g|TOS|{{st|Starfleet Academy - Strategic Command}}}})
   
 
During a trip back to the [[20th century]] to retrieve two humpback whales, the dilithium crystals of the [[HMS Bounty|Klingon ship]] Kirk and his crew were using began to wear out. Since fission based nuclear reactors was still in use, Captain [[Spock]] determined that it might have been possible to obtain high energy photons from such a reactor, and bombard the crystals with them - thus causing dilithium to recrystallize. After obtaining such photons from the United States aircraft carrier ''Enterprise'', Spock and Engineer [[Montgomery Scott]] were able to successfully recrystallize dilithium. ({{m|TOS|The Voyage Home}})
 
During a trip back to the [[20th century]] to retrieve two humpback whales, the dilithium crystals of the [[HMS Bounty|Klingon ship]] Kirk and his crew were using began to wear out. Since fission based nuclear reactors was still in use, Captain [[Spock]] determined that it might have been possible to obtain high energy photons from such a reactor, and bombard the crystals with them - thus causing dilithium to recrystallize. After obtaining such photons from the United States aircraft carrier ''Enterprise'', Spock and Engineer [[Montgomery Scott]] were able to successfully recrystallize dilithium. ({{m|TOS|The Voyage Home}})
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* [[trilithium]]
 
* [[trilithium]]
 
* [[decalithium]]
 
* [[decalithium]]
* [[synthetic dilithium]]
 
   
 
==Appendices==
 
==Appendices==
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* {{n|ST|sub=Mirror Universe Trilogy|{{nd|Preserver}}}}
 
* {{n|ST|sub=Mirror Universe Trilogy|{{nd|Preserver}}}}
 
* {{n1|TOS|Mudd's Angels}}
 
* {{n1|TOS|Mudd's Angels}}
* {{n1|TAS|sub=Log Four|The Time Trap}}
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* {{n1|TAS|sub=Star Trek Log Four|The Time Trap}}
* {{g|TOS|Starfleet Academy: Strategic Command}}
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* {{g|TOS|{{st|Starfleet Academy - Strategic Command}}}}
*{{n|TOS|sub={{st|Worlds Apart}}|How Much for Just the Planet?}}
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* {{n|TOS|sub=Worlds Apart|How Much for Just the Planet?}}
 
* {{n|ST|Engines of Destiny}}
 
* {{n|ST|Engines of Destiny}}
 
* {{c|EV|The Fires of Pharos}}
 
* {{c|EV|The Fires of Pharos}}
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===External links===
 
===External links===
 
* {{memoryalpha}}
 
* {{memoryalpha}}
* {{tardis}}
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* {{wikia-tardis}}
 
* {{wikipedia|Dilithium (Star Trek)}}
 
* {{wikipedia|Dilithium (Star Trek)}}
 
* {{wikipedia|Ununennium}}
 
* {{wikipedia|Ununennium}}
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