Elizabeth I (September 7, 1533 – March 24, 1603) was a human who lived on Earth during the 16th and 17th centuries. An English monarch, she ruled England as its Queen from November 17, 1558 until her death in 1603.
The era in which she ruled would later be called the Elizabethan era. William Shakespeare was a notable human who lived during this time period.
Queen Elizabeth was noted for having one of the most extensive spy network of her time, operated by Sir Francis Walsingham. A famous portrait painted of Elizabeth features eyes and ears all over her cloak, a reference to her court's far-reaching intelligence capabilities. (ST - The Lost Era novel: Well of Souls)
On his first visit to the USS Enterprise-D, Q appeared to the bridge crew as an Elizabethan Captain, and even spoke in the archaic form of English used during the 16th century. (TNG episode: "Encounter at Farpoint")