English is a language originating with and used by Earth Humans.

The English language descended from Anglo-Saxon, Latin, and several Celtic languages in the country of England. England had a period of colonialism beginning in the 16th century and lasting through the 20th century. This period spread the English language throughout the world and become a primary language in science, trade, and international politics. (TNG novel: The Captains' Honor)

In use for thousands of years, this language has gone through many changes leading up to the era of the Federation, where 22nd and 23rd century English (also called Anglish) was used as a major influence in the creation of the Federation's Standard Galacta language. (TOS episode: "Metamorphosis")

The common English language in use in the 19th and 20th centuries is historically referred to as Ancient Modern English. (TOS novel: The Entropy Effect)

The English language prior to the 24th century is also known as "Late English". (DS9 - Section 31 novel: Abyss)

Gene Roddenberry mentioned in 1988's "The Star Trek Saga: From One Generation to the Next" that Captain Horatio Hornblower (the basis for James T. Kirk) was the most popular, fictional protagonist in the English language-according to Ernest Hemingway.

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