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The Enterprise (OV-101) was a space shuttle commissioned by the United States of America's NASA space agency in the year 1976, and was the first Earth space vehicle to bear the name Enterprise.


The Enterprise atop a Boeing airplane.

Enterprise was constructed by Rockwell International in a United States Air Force hangar in California. She was named for the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise, as the brother of one of Rockwell International's project managers was stationed aboard that ship and lost his life in service during World War II. (TOS - The Lost Years novel: A Flag Full of Stars)

In reality, the space shuttle Enterprise was so named following a letter writing campaign by Star Trek fans to President Gerald Ford.

On 17 September 1976, construction was completed. (TNG reference: On Board the USS Enterprise)

On 12 August 1977, Enterprise took her first flight. (Star Trek: Communicator Issue 135: "First Captain of the Enterprise")

As a prototype vehicle, the Enterprise was not actually completed with the systems required to enter orbit, but was instead built mainly to verify the viability of certain technology—such as the landing systems of the space shuttle. After a number of test flights within Earth's atmosphere, Enterprise was retired as a museum piece. Although there was the possibility of having Enterprise refit as an operational vehicle, the space shuttle program ended on reference stardate -1/92 without the prototype ever having left Earth's atmosphere. (ST references: Spaceflight Chronology, Star Trek Chronology; TOS - The Lost Years novel: A Flag Full of Stars)


Enterprise in the 24th century.

Images of this ship were displayed in Captain Jonathan Archer's quarters aboard the Earth Starfleet ship Enterprise (NX-01), and also on the recreation deck of the Federation Starfleet starship USS Enterprise (NCC-1701). (Star Trek: Enterprise, TOS movie: The Motion Picture)

The Enterprise was maintained as a museum ship by the Federation. In the 2270s decade, on the tricentennial anniversary of Earth's first series of lunar landings, the Dart Project saw the Enterprise fitted with orbital maneuvering thrusters and impulse engines by a team of Starfleet engineers that included Commander Montgomery Scott. Hull markings and pennants were also restored, with the US flag updated to show the proper 56 stars. The red and silver Federation standard was also added. Interior controls were replaced with state-of-the-art 23rd century technology—very similar to standard shuttlecraft controls. The shuttle was flown outside of Earth orbit for the first time in the company of the saucer section of the USS Enterprise, the saucer having been recently separated during an extensive refit process. (TOS - The Lost Years novel: A Flag Full of Stars)

In the 24th century, the Enterprise was displayed at the Starfleet Museum of Deep Space Exploration. (SOTL calendar: Ships of the Line 2014)

Alternate timeline

The Enterprise in the Smithsonian.

In an alternate timeline created by Mia Colt's time travel, in 2293 the Smithsonian Museum of Air, Sea and Space in San Francisco exhibited the Space Shuttle Enterprise, the Constitution-class USS Enterprise and a replica of a seagoing USS Enterprise. (EV comic: "Future Tense, Part Two")

Crew manifest

20th century

23rd century

  • Alice Friedman, CO (Dart Project)



United States space shuttles
US flag icon image. Enterprise (OV-101)Columbia (OV-102)Challenger (OV-099)Discovery (OV-103)Atlantis (OV-104)Endeavour (OV-105)Icarus (prototype)Renaissance (OV-165, 2nd gen.) NASA emblem icon image.
Ships named Enterprise
United Kingdom of Great Britain HMS EnterprizeHMS Enterprise (1774-1807) UK flag image.
United Kingdom (alternate reality) HMS Enterprise (2260s)
United States of America Enterprise (sloop-of-war)Enterprise (schooner)Enterprise (brig)Enterprise (steamboat)CV-6CVN-65OV-101 N1A US flag image.
United Earth IXS-110XCV-330NX-01 UE flag image.
United Federation of Planets Declaration-classNCC-1701NCC-1701-ANCC-1701-BNCC-1701-CNCC-1701-DNCC-1701-EChimer-classNCC-1701-FNCC-1701-J UFP flag image.
Terran Empire (mirror universes) HMS EnterprizeNX-01NCC-1701 (alternate NCC/ICC-1701)NCC-1701-ANCC/ICC-1701-DNCC-1701-ENCC-1701-F Terran flag image.
Galactic Commonwealth (mirror universe) Free Starship Enterprise Terran emblem image.
Federation (Kelvin timeline) NCC-1701 (early 23rd century)NCC-1701NCC-1701-A Emblem of the United Federation of Planets.
Federation (alternate futures) NCC-1701-DNCC-1701-FNCC-1701-JNCC-1701-∞Enterprise (distant future) UFP flag image.
United Earth (alternate realities) SS EnterpriseUESS EnterpriseESS Enterprise UE flag image.
Federation (other alternate realities) FSS EnterpriseUS EnterpriseUSS EnterpriseUSV EnterpriseUSS Enterprise-E UFP flag image.
Interstellar Coalition (alternate reality) ICV Enterprise
Interstellar Union
(alternate timeline)
IUES Enterprise I Seal of the Interstellar Union.
(alternate timeline)
USS Enterprise (NCC-2101) Earthfleet logo.


External links