The Federation Genetic Atlas was an encyclopediac document available to members of the United Federation of Planets.
This Atlas contained a list of information relating to DNA sequences of various species. This allowed the user to better determine the origin of specific DNA sequences and was capable of using the Atlas to divide into categories such as post contact when the race was warp capable.
Dr Andrea M'Benga often made use of the Genetic Atlas in her work. During her stay at a secret facility at Alpha Centauri, M'Benga used the information from this encyclopedia to determine the heritage of a child that had been genetically enhanced. (TOS novel: Dark Victory)