See Archer for other articles with titles that contain, either by relationship or by coincidence, this character's surname.
This page details Jonathan Archer in the primary universe; for the Jonathan Archer in the mirror universe see Jonathan Archer (mirror); for the Jonathan Archer in all other alternate universes see Jonathan Archer (alternates).
"...We are all explorers driven to know what's over the horizon, what's beyond our own shores. And yet the more I've experienced, the more I've learned that no matter how far we travel, or how fast we get there, the most profound discoveries are not necessarily beyond that next star. They're within us, woven into the threads that bind us, all of us, to each other...."
Jonathan Archer, January, 2155[src]

Jonathan Beckett[1]Archer (9 October 2112 - 5 July 2245) was a Human male, and one of the most historically significant figures of the 22nd century. Archer commanded the Earth starship Enterprise (NX-01), where his captaincy earned him the description by 23rd century historian John Gill as the "greatest explorer of the 22nd century". His career in Starfleet and later in a variety of other positions also allowed him a prominent position in political history; as a keen diplomat and one of the founding fathers of the United Federation of Planets. (ENT episode: "Broken Bow", ENT novel: Beneath the Raptor's Wing; ENT episode: "In a Mirror, Darkly")

The son of famed warp specialist Henry Archer, Jonathan was appointed captain of Enterprise, Starfleet's first Warp 5 starship, in 2151; his leadership aboard Enterprise helped establish United Earth as a legitimate interstellar power and pave the way for a full-scale revolution in Alpha Quadrant politics, leading to the establishment of the Coalition of Planets and later the United Federation of Planets. During his Starfleet career Archer rose to the rank of Admiral and position of Chief of Staff, before retiring from Starfleet to take on a string of political positions; Federation Ambassador to Andoria, a Federation Councillor, and as one of the Federation's earliest Presidents. (ENT episode: "In a Mirror, Darkly"; ST - Destiny novel: Mere Mortals)


Early lifeEdit

Jonathan Archer, the son of Henry and Sally Archer, was born in Upstate New York in 2112. (ENT episode & novelization: Broken Bow, ENT episode: "In a Mirror, Darkly")

When Jonathan could not get sleep during his childhood, his mother would often recite The Song of the Wandering Aengus. He did not learn that it was a poem by W. B. Yeats until he was much older. (ENT episode: "Rogue Planet")

In December 2120, Jonathan decided to hike Nacaijin Gorge before he and his parents would leave for San Francisco. However, his parents wanted him to take their dog, Maska but Jonathan decided to go without him. As he approached the gorge, he was following a Suliban Cabal agent. Jonathan was then kicked into the gorge and fell through the ice. However, he was then saved by Maska. Jonathan then saved the beagle from falling through the ice. However, he then realized that the beagle was not Maska when it vanished. Jonathan then went home and made sure his parent would bring Maska along with them to San Francisco. (ENT - Waypoint comic: "The Fragile Beauty of Loyalty")

From an early age, Jonathan had an interest in space flight and technology, such as the model starship that he built with his father when he was nine in 2121. (ENT episode & novelization: Broken Bow; ENT episode: "North Star")

His paternal great-grandfather, Nathan Archer, was a captain in the United Nations Peace Directorate who served in North Africa during the Eugenics Wars (1992-1996). (ENT episode: "Hatchery", SNW short story: "The Rules of War")

Earth StarfleetEdit

Early careerEdit

In the 2130s, Archer attended Earth Starfleet Flight School based in San Francisco; he was accepted into Starfleet and the NX program in 2132. During his time there, he had a relationship with Margaret Mullin. The day before graduating from Flight School in 2136, the 24-year-old Archer proposed to Mullin outside of her apartment on Westgate Avenue, but she turned him down, stating that she did not want to become a "Starfleet widow." (ENT episode: "Twilight", ST reference: Federation: The First 150 Years)

By 2143, Archer was a Commander working on the NX Program, the legacy of his now-deceased father's work. There he met A.G. Robinson and Charles Tucker III, both of whom became close friends. The first prototype, the NX-Alpha, with a mission to break the Warp 2 barrier, was destroyed during flight. Robinson, piloting the flight, became the first person to eject in an escape pod while at warp. On the suggestion by Vulcan advisers that the engine design required further simulation and bench-testing, the NX Program was canceled after this incident. Convinced the design was already sound, the cancellation did not stop Archer and Robinson, with assistance from Tucker, from making an unauthorized test flight using the NX-Beta prototype. They successfully launched the Beta and used the ship to reach a speed of Warp 2.5. With this obvious success, the program was reconsidered and subsequently reinstated by Starfleet Command; however, as a result of their actions, Archer and Robinson were grounded for three months, pending an inquiry. (ENT episode: "First Flight")

Captain of EnterpriseEdit

By 2151 Archer was a Starfleet Captain and was poised to take command of the Enterprise NX-01, the first ship to utilize his father's warp five engine design. Archer persuaded his superiors to bring the launch of the Enterprise forward three weeks when a Klingon, Klaang, crash landed on Earth; Archer wished to return the injured Klingon home to Qo'noS. The mission resulted in Archer and the Enterprise becoming entangled in the Temporal Cold War, as Klaang had been shot down by the Suliban Cabal when he was trying to deliver evidence that the Suliban were manipulating the Klingons into Civil War. Archer successfully outmaneuvered the Suliban and delivered Klaang to Qo'noS, averting the civil war. With the Enterprise already out into space Starfleet granted Archer permission to commence the ship's mission of exploration. (ENT episode & novelization: Broken Bow)

The first Class M planet discovered by Archer on the Enterprise's mission was in the 61 Ursae Majoris. While a toxic pollen in the atmosphere caused problems for the initial landing party from the Enterprise a cure was later discovered and the planet, named Archer IV in Jonathan's honor, was colonized. (ENT episodes: "Strange New World", "In a Mirror, Darkly")

The XindiEdit

On March 22, 2153, a prototype Xindi weapon appeared in Earth orbit, cutting a swath from Florida to Venezuela, killing seven million people. Enterprise was recalled and outfitted with new weapons. With a tip-off from the Suliban and their temporal benefactor Archer then took the Enterprise into the mysterious Delphic Expanse to find the Xindi and stop them launching an even more powerful weapon which threatened to destroy Earth and Humanity. (ENT episode: "The Expanse")

In the Expanse the crew discovered that the Xindi had been manipulated into attacking Earth by the Sphere Builders, a faction from a possible future timeline who were attempting to alter their history so that Humanity was wiped out and unable to found the Federation; which had been responsible for repelling a Sphere Builder invasion in their version of the 26th century. (ENT episode: "Azati Prime")

Archer and his crew successfully destroyed the Sphere Builder artifacts responsible for the Expanse's existence, convince the majority of the Xindi Council that Earth posed no threat, and managed to destroy the Xindi superweapon before it could destroy Earth. (ENT episodes: "The Council", "Countdown", "Zero Hour")

The Romulan WarEdit

During the Earth-Romulan War, Archer led a task force to liberate Berengaria VII from the Romulan Star Empire. On July 22, 2156, Archer went to the Klingon Empire to ask them to aid United Earth against the Romulans. (ENT novel: Beneath the Raptor's Wing)

In May of 2159, Archer and Enterprise saved a Vulcan scientist named T'Uerell from the Romulans. After this, there were a series of missions that Archer was assigned to, and came to learn that T'Uerell was behind many disasters in the Alpha Quadrant, including infecting planets with toxins, destroying a Starfleet facility with crew members on board, and attempting to use toxins to annihilate Earth. This plan was thwarted by Archer and his task force. T'Uerell went into hiding and was not heard from until the late 23rd century, where she was intercepted by James T. Kirk and the USS Enterprise. (ST video game: Legacy)

In 2160, Archer commanded the Starfleet forces at the Battle of Cheron. After fierce fighting, Starfleet emerged victorious with the timely arrival of Andorian, Tellarite and Vulcan ships, but Enterprise was badly damaged and had to be towed home. (ENT novel: To Brave the Storm)

Federation StarfleetEdit

Admiral at largeEdit

Shortly after the war, Enterprise was decommissioned because her spaceframe was judged to be too compromised. Not long after this Archer was diagnosed with decaying neurological damage and was deemed unfit for captaining another starship so he accepted a promotion to the rank of Admiral. He initially wasn't too happy with this change, but once he grew accustomed to the earthbound assignment, he realized that he could do much good in his new position for Starfleet and the Federation.

As of September 2162, Archer had assigned the USS Endeavour as his personal flagship and would sometimes be called upon to meet leaders of other species on behalf of Starfleet. He was also authorized to offer help, as done in the case of the Tandarans who had lost people to kidnappings. Occasionally, Archer would be invited to meetings with the higher echelons of Starfleet Command for his input as a former starship captain, and his opinion was highly respected. After the Tandaran mission, Doctor Phlox determined that Archer's condition was caused by the transporter technology, and he wasn't the only one. Thus the use of transporters were suspended in the Federation.

During the Vertian crisis, Archer would encourage Admiral Shran, now Chief of Staff for the Imperial Guard portion of Starfleet, and Federation Defense Commissioner Min glasch Noar not to jump headlong into a war which almost occurred due to the manipulations of the Orion Syndicate and the Raldul alignment. With the help of his old friend, Charles Tucker, agent of Section 31, Archer uncovered the Orions' plot to manipulate many officials, including Noar. (ENT - Rise of the Federation novel: A Choice of Futures)

By 2164, Phlox managed to halt Archer's neurological degeneration and repair most of the existing damage. In March of that year, he and Commissioner Soval traveled to Rigel V to meet with the leaders of the Rigelian Trade Commission about their interest to join the Federation. They addressed a number of topics, and the Directors decided to send a delegation to the ambassadorial conference held on Babel Station a few months later.

During the talks, Archer spent much time with Director Sedra Hemnask and eventually the two slept together. However, Hemnask felt that they should keep their relationship secret, fearing that people would think that Archer seduced her in effort to influence her into joining the Federation. Archer agreed and respected her wish even when he was accused with the assassination attempt of Federation Councillor Anlenthoris ch'Vhendreni. All evidence pointed to Archer, but his only alibi would have been Hemnask so he choose to stay silent. Eventually, Lieutenant commander Astellet ch'Terren and former investigator T'Rama cleared Archer's name, and they discovered that Hemnask could be involved.

When Archer confronted her, Hemnask revealed that she was indeed trying to discredit him but in a different way. She seduced Archer, and intended to reveal their relationship to the same effect she said she tried to prevent earlier. She also confessed that she was doing this out of concern for her family who was in the possession of the criminal organization First Families of Rigel, but wouldn't have carried out the plot after she got to know Archer and fell in love with him.

After everything settled, the delegates eventually worked out the details and at the end of the year, the reformed Rigel system officially entered the Federation with the name United Rigel Worlds and Colonies. Archer, after realizing how much he desired a partner, but looked for one in the wrong place, he finally asked out his childhood friend Danica Erickson. (ENT - Rise of the Federation novel: Tower of Babel)

Chief of StaffEdit

In 2165, Admiral Samuel Gardner retired from Starfleet and Admiral Archer succeeded him as Chief of Staff of the UESPA branch of the Federation Starfleet. (ENT - Rise of the Federation novel: Uncertain Logic)

After StarfleetEdit

On January 1, 2169, Archer retired from Starfleet, continuing his work as a diplomat by taking on the position of Federation Ambassador to Andoria. (ENT episode: "In a Mirror, Darkly"; ST - Destiny novel: Mere Mortals)

He served as Ambassador to Andoria until 2175, when he was elected to the position of Federation Councillor for United Earth. He ascended to the presidency in 2185, serving two terms. (ENT episode: "In a Mirror, Darkly")

An additional screen of biographical information created by Mike Sussman for the ENT episode: "In a Mirror, Darkly" (seen here), but not used in the final production, revealed that Archer died in his home in New York in 2245, one day after attending the christening of the USS Enterprise. However, an alternative image (seen [1]) not mentioning this was used instead. This renders this event apocryphal.
The TOS movie: Star Trek mentions an "Admiral Archer" in the Kelvin timeline in 2255, who allowed Lieutenant Commander Montgomery Scott to test his theory on transwarp beaming on his prize beagle. Although this is implied to be Jonathan Archer, his life prior to the diverging reality (i.e., being a former President rather than an Admiral) and likely great age at this time (146 years) make this doubtful. See Admiral Archer for this character and more information.


Archer bio2260s

Starfleet biographical file of Jonathan Archer, circa 2268.

John Gill described Archer as the "greatest explorer of the 22nd century". A century later Elias Vaughn considered Archer to be one of Earth's most eminent explorers alongside the likes of Leif Eriksson, Ferdinand Magellan, Meriwether Lewis, William Clark and Neil Armstrong. (ENT episode: "In a Mirror, Darkly"; DS9 novel: Twilight)

As of the mid-23rd century Archer was the only Human to have two planets named in his honor: Archer's Planet in the Gamma Trianguli sector, and Archer IV in 61 Ursae Majoris. (ENT episode: "In a Mirror, Darkly")

By 2256, Archer was considered one of the most decorated captains in Starfleet history, along with Robert April, Matt Decker, Philippa Georgiou and Christopher Pike. (DSC episode: "Choose Your Pain")

Up to at least the mid-24th century, cadets at Starfleet Academy had to learn about Archer in their studies, as Ro Laren had during her attendance.

In 2385, Altek Dans read about Archer while researching Federation and Bajoran history. (DS9 novel: Sacraments of Fire)

Personal timelineEdit

location assignment/event dates rank or rate assignment insignia rank insignia
Upstate New York born 2112 Seal of United Earth
Flight School student 2136 United Earth Starfleet Emblem
NX Program test pilot 2143 Commander Earth cmd cmdr
Omega training mission 2140s
Enterprise (NX-01) commanding officer[3] 2150-2156 Captain NX01patch Earth cmd capt
Commodore of the Fleet 2156-2160 Commodore Earth cdore
Starfleet Command Flag officer 2161-2165 Admiral United Earth Starfleet Emblem Cmd amd 2160s
Appointed honorary member of the Andorian Imperial Guard 2164
Starfleet Chief of Staff 2165-2168
Andoria Federation Ambassador to Andoria 2169-2175 Ambassador UFP seal
Federation Council Federation Councillor for United Earth 2175-2183 Councillor Seal of United Earth
Palais de la Concorde Federation President 2184-2192[4] President SealoftheFedPresident

Alternate timelinesEdit

In an alternate timeline, while in the Delphic Expanse in 2153, Archer sustained injuries which crippled his brain's ability to form new long-term memories, leaving him unable to recall more than the last few hours (and the whole of his life up to the point of injury). In this condition, he was unable to continue in command. The Enterprise was unable to stop the Xindi plot against Earth in time, the planet was destroyed and the Xindi exterminated every human colony they could locate. Archer, under the care of T'Pol, was one of the survivors who relocated to a secret colony on Ceti Alpha V. (ENT episode: "Twilight")

In another alternate timeline in which John Frederick Paxton destroyed Starfleet Command and ended the talks for the Coalition of Planets in 2155, Archer continued to work toward creating a political alliance between Vulcan, Andoria, Tellar and other worlds, with the belief Earth would eventually join as well. His actions were opposed by the Isolationist Party, who had him recalled to Earth after they took control of the Parliament in 2161 and put before a court martial. He performed the marriage between Trip and T'Pol, and himself married Erika Hernandez prior to 2199. He died at some point after 2244. (TOS - Myriad Universes novel: A Less Perfect Union)


Notes and ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Archer's middle name of Beckett was established in the ENT novel: Beneath the Raptor's Wing, it is presumably a reference to Samuel Beckett, the protagonist in the series Quantum Leap, who was also played by Scott Bakula.
  2. 2.0 2.1 ST reference: Federation: The First 150 Years
  3. Archer's command of the Enterprise is listed as ending in 2160 in his biography from ENT episode: "In a Mirror, Darkly", however the later episode "These Are the Voyages..." contradicts this, showing Archer in command into 2161.
  4. The 2184 start year for Archer's presidency conflicts with the four-year term system established in Articles of the Federation. One possible explanation might be that the dates refer to the year of his election rather than the year he took office.


Commanding officers of the ships Enterprise
Enterprise (NX-01) Archer NX01patch
Enterprise (NX-01) (alternate timelines) ArcherT'PolTuckerLorian
USS Enterprise (NCC-1701) RasmussenAprilPikeVlasidovichKirkZarloDeckerSpock Enterprise cmd insignia
USS Enterprise (NCC-1701's predecessor) (Kelvin timeline) AprilMarcus 2250s alt cmd badge
USS Enterprise (Kelvin timeline) PikeSpockKirk
USS Enterprise (NCC-1701) (other alternate realities) KirkKirkPikeThelinSpockHoffmanMitchell
USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-A) KirkSpockSulu Starfleet 2280s insignia
USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-A) (alternate realities) Pike
USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-B) HarrimanGeorgeRendónSuluJohnson
USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-C) GarrettCastillo
USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-D) PicardRikerJellico Starfleet 2360s insignia
USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-D) (alternate realities) PicardCrusherHallowayRiker
USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-E) BatesonPicardRikerData Starfleet 2370s insignia
USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-E) (alternate realities) PicardHallowayRikerDataJellicoCrusherWorf
USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-F) Shon STO alt cmd badge
USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-F) (alternate realities) PicardRikerDataShon
USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-J) Dax STO alt cmd badge
ISS Enterprise (NX-01) ForrestArcher TerranEmpire
ISS Enterprise (NCC-1701) AprilFranzPikeKirkSpockDeckerRileySaavik
ISS Enterprise (ICC-1701) (Kelvin timeline) Spock
ISS Enterprise (NCC-1701-A) Pavel Chekov
ISS Enterprise (NCC-1701-D) Jean-Luc Picard
ISS Enterprise (NCC-1701-E) Jean-Luc Picard
Free Starship Enterprise Jean-Luc Picard
ISS Enterprise (NCC-1701-F) Leeta
Enterprise (NX-01) personnel
Earth Starfleet personnel AlmackJ. AndersonAnsaraJ.B. ArcherBairdL. BilaniBillyBishopK. BorovskyM. BurchBurrowsCamachoCarstairsR. ChandraColeCookCravensE. CutlerDanielsDiazDickisonDuelJ. EdwardsM. FinckeFosterA. GaetaGarverA. HartHessJ. HornHutchisonKelbyJ. KellyKimballKoJ. LeeE. LeydonF. MarcelT. MayweatherM. McCallMeirNguyenE. NovakovichD. O'NeillPerkinsPhloxPointerM. ReedA. RhodesK. RileyM. RostovK.P. RyanA. al SaedSalvatoreSantiniH. SatoStepanczykJ. TaylorT'PolTomC. Tucker IIID. WalshWilliamsZabel Seal of United Earth NX01patch
MACO contingent D. ChangA. ColeCostaC. EbyS. GuitierrezJ. HayesM. KellyN. KemperT. KimuraD. McCammonJ. McKenzieS. MoneyOgilvyO'MalleyM. PeruzziO. Salazar-TuckerW. Woods Seal of United Earth MACO
Presidents of the United Federation of Planets
by stardate SealoftheFedPresident
22nd century Axelrod (0/87-1/01) • Yare (1/02-1/04) • Thorpe (1/05-1/10) • Gralless (1/11-1/13) • Sardix (1/14-1/16) • Thortathanal (1/17-1/19) • Einicrox (1/20-1/22)
23rd century Einicrox (1/20-1/22) • Suessor (1/23-1/25) • Todahlahr (1/26-1/28) • Morvehl (1/29-1/34) • Kurvannis (1/35-1/37) • Greshlahrigm (1/38-1/43) • Sutorox (1/44-1/52) • Christenson (1/53-1/58) • Menliss (1/59-1/64) • Varis (1/65-1/67) • Dadari (1/68-1/70) • Mintaine (1/71-1/72) • Sarboran (1/72-1/79) • Lithir (1/80-1/85) • Oromon (1/86-1/89) • Salamorn (1/90-1/94) • Ixan (1/95-1/97) • Quinland (1/98-2/03) • Eloth (2/04-2/06) • Zagrin (2/07-2/12) • Abelmare (2/13-2/18) • Roth ~ Fergus (from 2/19)
by year
22nd century Vanderbilt (Council President, 2162-2165) • al-Rashid (2165-) • T'Maran (2170s) • sh'Rothress (c. 2170s/2180s) • Archer (2184-2192)
23rd century Bral (2230s) • Qasr (2240s) • Blaque (2250s) • Wescott (2260s) • Hirashito (2260s) • McLaren (2260s) • Lorg (2270s) • Roth ~ Fergus (2280s) • Ra-ghoratreii (2289-2300)
24th century Laikan (2310s) • Thelian (2320s) • Sulu (2330s) • T'Pragh (2350s) • Amitra (2365-2369) • Jaresh-Inyo (2369-2373) • Zife (2373-2379) • B'ullhy (pro tempore, 2379) • Bacco (2379-2385/2392) • Baras (pro tempore, 2385) • Sipak (pro tempore, 2385) • zh'Tarash (from 2385) • Okeg (from 2392)
Nero's alternate timeline Pellan Fel (c. 2255)
Chiefs of Staff for the Federation Starfleet
UFP seal Jonathan ArcherArthur MasonDai MehkanMarcus van DiemenHarold MorrowRobert BennettLes LandauGene Roddenberry Starfleet Command logo
Council of the United Federation of Planets
Earth representatives Haroun al-RashidPercival KimbridgeJonathan ArcherIndira BhuttoPatarch SomassovKevin McBrideMatthew Mazibuko Seal of United Earth Vulcan representatives T'MaranSarekT'LatrekT'nireaT'LosSoronSokketh VulcanIDIC
Andorian representatives Anlenthoris ch'VhendreniAvaranthi sh'RothressThy'lek ShranZhimen ch'RhettelThrandasar v'ElexShroom StonwinCharivretha zh'ThaneKellerasana zh'Faila AndorianEmblem Tellar representatives Gora bim GralF'xaqVagak HaggarakBera chim GleerKyll Tellarite insignia
Alpha Centauri representatives Nasrin SloaneSondri SullivanHuang Chaoying ACentaurian insignia Benzar representatives MelnisLinzner Benzar Bolarus IX representatives Min ZifeNea Bolian insignia rpg
Cait representatives S'rrelDynkorra M'Relle Caitian insignia Deltan representatives LLyanaaEleana Deltan insignia Grazer representatives Jaresh-InyoSevern-AnyarAstoni-Yhard Grazerite insignia
Trill representatives Jerella DevJix TrillEmblem Zalda representatives SamtonMolmaan Zaldan insignia Bajoran representatives Rava MehwynKrim AldosBaras Rodirya BajoranEmblem
Other membership Alonis: NerramibusAntede III: Selora QuintorArdana: StrovosBetazed: Cort EnarenBre'el IV: NitramCestus III: Altoun DjinianDamiano: Ra'ch B'ullhyDeneva: Lynda FoleyDjana: EwuEfros: Domak VorisGemworld: Lari BeltaneGnala: Gorus GelemingarHermat: Saltroni 815Huan: CoricesIgre: GloobsherkpfackJanus VI: SanahtKoa: SicariosMars: QaletaquChab jav LorgNasat: C29 GreenOna: Eftheria LoPandril: GovrinRigel Colonies: Kishkik SajithenTomorokTerra Nova: Kevin SteinerTiburon: GnizbregTriex: Artrin na YelVega IX: Zhi Nu PalmerVestios: Lenith AgrehoOther councillors: Lisa abn DariCorvixWulkk UFP seal
Preceded by:
Commanding Officers of the Starships Enterprise
Succeeded by:
Robert April
Preceded by:
Federation Ambassador to Andoria
Succeeded by:
Preceded by:
Federation Councillor for United Earth
Succeeded by:
Preceded by:
Avaranthi sh'Rothress
President of the United Federation of Planets
Succeeded by:



















External linksEdit

  • Jonathan Archer article at Memory Alpha, the wiki for canon Star Trek.
  • Archer's biography pages from "In a Mirror, Darkly" (I, II), from Mike Sussman's website.