The Nobel Prize was a prestigious honor established in 1895 by Alfred Nobel, awarded annually since 1901 in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. The prizes were presented on Earth during their early history; by the mid 23rd century, the awards ceremony was moved to Memory Prime. (TOS novel: Memory Prime)
- In fact, this Nobel Prize went to Dr. Pavel Cherenkov.
Alfred Bleikoff won the Nobel Prize in Physics in the early 1990s for his theory of the origin of the universe. He missed the awards ceremony in Stockholm, Sweden, however, as he had joined a group of anti-war protestors and gotten himself arrested with them. (TOS comic: "Prophet of Peace")
Sarek of Vulcan, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Earth, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2248, for his diplomatic and peacekeeping efforts in holding the United Federation of Planets together. (TOS novels: Memory Prime, Spock's World)
An author from Zeta Orionis, who had written a novel with the theme "Let me help," was awarded a Nobel Prize (presumably for Literature) sometime prior to the late 23rd century. (TOS novel: Vulcan's Forge)