Orbit is a term which is used to describe the flightpath of an object in space which has repetitive motion and a distinct center with respect to its flight path.
There are several different forms of orbit, some of which are commonly referred to as "standard orbit" or "high orbit" by Starfleet personnel:
- Synchronous orbit: This form of orbit is used by a starship to maintain its position towards a specific point on the objects surface. In this circumstances, the starship's rotational velocity will be equal to the object it is orbiting. (TNG episode & novelization: Relics)
- High orbit: This form of orbit means that a starship maintains a large distance from an objects surface for safety reasons, but would still allow the use of transporters. (VOY episodes: "Ex Post Facto", "The Omega Directive")
- Geostationary orbit: This form of orbit is where a starship remains stationary above a certain point of the object it is orbiting. During the Cardassian Occupation of Bajor, Terok Nor was positioned in geostationary orbit of Bajor. (DS9 episodes: "Emissary", "Necessary Evil", "Wrongs Darker Than Death or Night"; TNG - Double Helix novel: Vectors)