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{{ShipInfobox|
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{{starship class
Class Name= Space Shuttle|
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| type = usa
Image= [[Image:Enterprise_OV-101.jpg|250px]] |
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| Class Name = Space Shuttle
Affiliation= [[United States of America]]|
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| Image = Shuttle Enterprise.jpg
Length= 122.17 ft (37.24 m)|
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| Caption = [[Art]]istic rendering of the shuttle {{ship||Enterprise|OV-101}}.
Width= 8.7 m (28.5 ft)|
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| Affiliation = [[United States of America]], [[NASA]]
Height= 56.14 m (149.6 ft)|
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| Type = orbiter
Decks= 2|
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| Service period = late [[20th century|20th]] and early [[21st century|21st]] [[century|centuries]]
Crew= Normal: 7 - a Commander, Pilot, 2 mission specialists, and 3 payload specialists.<br>Minimum: 2|
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| Length = 37.24 [[meter]]s (122.17 ft) {{minicite}}
Speed= 25,404 ft/s (7,743 m/s, 27,875 km/h, 17,321 mi/h)|
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| Width = 8.7 meters (28.5 ft) {{minicite}}
Armaments= |
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| Height = 56.14 meters (149.6 ft) {{minicite}}
Defences= |
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| Decks = 2
Auxiliary Craft= |
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| Crew = normal: 7 (commander, pilot, 2 mission specialists and 3 payload specialists), minimum: 2
|}}
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| Speed = 25,404 ft/s (7,743 m/s, 27,875 km/h, 17,321 mi/h) {{minicite}}
The '''Space shuttle''' was a type of early space vessels used by humans on [[Earth]] during the late 20th and early 21st centuries. Designed and built by the [[United States of America]]'s [[NASA]] space agency, the shuttle played an important role in humanity's early exploration of space.
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| Armaments = none
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| Defences = none
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| Auxiliary Craft = none
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| altimage = Discovery OV-103.jpg
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}}
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The '''Space shuttle''' was a type of reuseable [[space vessel]] used by [[Human]]s on [[Earth]] during the late [[20th century|20th]] and early [[21st century|21st]] [[century|centuries]]. It was the earliest example of Human-designed [[shuttlecraft]]. Constructed by [[Rockwell International]], and operated by the [[United States of America]]'s [[NASA]] space agency, the shuttle played an important role in humanity's early exploration of space.
   
The space shuttle was composed of three components, a reusable orbiter, a large fuel tank, and two booster rockets. After launch the fuel tank and the booster rockets would be jettisoned, and the orbiter would orbit the Earth. After the completion of the mission, the orbiter would reenter the atmosphere and land like an airplane.
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==Specifications==
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The space shuttle was composed of three components, a reusable orbiter, a large [[fuel]] tank, and two [[booster rocket]]s. After launch the fuel tank and the booster [[rocket]]s would be jettisoned, and the orbiter would [[orbit]] the Earth. After the completion of the mission, the orbiter would reenter the [[atmosphere]] and make an unpowered descent to land like an [[airplane]]. ({{r|ST|Spaceflight Chronology|Star Trek Chronology}}; {{n|TOS|sub={{st|The Lost Years}}|A Flag Full of Stars}})
   
Over the years, the United States constructed six of these shuttles, which were;
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The space shuttle could accommodate a crew of seven, including the [[cO|mission commander]], a [[pilot]], and five mission and payload [[specialist]]s. Shuttle missions included scientific experiments, [[satellite]] and [[space]] [[telescope]] deployment, retrieval and testing. ({{mag|Star Trek Magazine|162|Blast Off!}})
* [[Enterprise (OV-101)]] - The prototype vehicle. As a test vehicle, this shuttle was not built to actually enter orbit, but was instead used to test the viability of certain systems - such as the landing gear. NASA briefly considered making the orbiter functional after the ''Challenger'' was destroyed, but instead decided to build a new shuttle to replace ''Challenger''.
 
* [[Columbia (OV-102)]] - The second shuttle, and the first shuttle that was actually functional. The ''Columbia'' was destroyed in [[2005]] when it broke up upon reentering Earth's atmosphere.
 
* [[Challenger (OV-099)]] - The third shuttle built. This shuttle was destroyed in 1985 when it exploded shortly after takeoff. The [[USS Challenger (NCC-71099)]] was built to honor this orbiter.
 
* [[Discovery (OV-103)]]
 
* [[Atlantis (OV-104)]]
 
* [[Endeavour (OV-105)]] - This shuttle was built to replace ''Challenger''.
 
   
==External Links==
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==Known vessels==
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Over the years, NASA operated six ''Enterprise''-type space shuttles, and a second generation prototype.
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* [[Enterprise (OV-101)]] - The prototype vehicle. As a test vehicle, this shuttle was not built to actually enter orbit, but was instead used to test the viability of certain systems - such as the landing gear. ({{r|ST|Spaceflight Chronology|Star Trek Chronology}}; {{n|TOS|sub={{st|The Lost Years}}|A Flag Full of Stars}})
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* [[Columbia (OV-102)]] - The second shuttle, and the first shuttle that actually flew in [[space]]. ({{r|ST|Star Trek Chronology}})
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* [[Challenger (OV-099)]] - The third shuttle built. This shuttle was destroyed in [[1986]] when it exploded shortly after takeoff. ({{n|DS9|sub=Mission Gamma|{{nd|Twilight}}}}; {{r|ST|Star Trek Chronology}})
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* [[Discovery (OV-103)]] ({{n|TOS|The Rise and Fall of Khan Noonien Singh, Volume 1}}; {{mag|Star Trek Magazine|162|Blast Off!}})
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* [[Atlantis (OV-104)]] ({{e|ENT|First Flight}})
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* [[Endeavour (OV-105)]] ({{e|ENT|First Flight}})
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* ''{{dis|Renaissance|space shuttle}}'' - Built as the prototype of a second generation of space shuttles that was cancelled due to budget cuts, leaving the ''Renaissance'' as the only ship of its kind. ({{n|TOS|The Rings of Time}})
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* ''{{dis|Icarus|space shuttle}}'' ({{c|TOS|Getting Real}})
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==Appendices==
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===Connections===
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{{Space shuttles}}
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===External Links===
 
* {{memoryalpha}}
 
* {{memoryalpha}}
 
* {{wikipedia|Space Shuttle}}
 
* {{wikipedia|Space Shuttle}}
   
[[Category:Earth]]
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[[Category:Earth vehicles]]

Latest revision as of 22:40, February 11, 2018

The Space shuttle was a type of reuseable space vessel used by Humans on Earth during the late 20th and early 21st centuries. It was the earliest example of Human-designed shuttlecraft. Constructed by Rockwell International, and operated by the United States of America's NASA space agency, the shuttle played an important role in humanity's early exploration of space.

SpecificationsEdit

The space shuttle was composed of three components, a reusable orbiter, a large fuel tank, and two booster rockets. After launch the fuel tank and the booster rockets would be jettisoned, and the orbiter would orbit the Earth. After the completion of the mission, the orbiter would reenter the atmosphere and make an unpowered descent to land like an airplane. (ST references: Spaceflight Chronology, Star Trek Chronology; TOS - The Lost Years novel: A Flag Full of Stars)

The space shuttle could accommodate a crew of seven, including the mission commander, a pilot, and five mission and payload specialists. Shuttle missions included scientific experiments, satellite and space telescope deployment, retrieval and testing. (Star Trek Magazine Issue 162: "Blast Off!")

Known vesselsEdit

Over the years, NASA operated six Enterprise-type space shuttles, and a second generation prototype.

AppendicesEdit

ConnectionsEdit

United States space shuttles
United States of America Enterprise (OV-101)Columbia (OV-102)Challenger (OV-099)Discovery (OV-103)Atlantis (OV-104)Endeavour (OV-105)Icarus (prototype)Renaissance (prototype) USA52stars

External LinksEdit

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